Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) uses the latest advanced technology to treat pain caused by a variety of medical conditions. Special surgical instruments, devices and advanced imaging techniques are used to visualize and perform the surgery through small incisions. The aim of MIS is to minimize damage to the muscles and surrounding structures enabling faster recovery and less pain.
The benefits of MIS over the traditional open surgery include:
Minimally invasive surgery is performed through very small incisions. Through these small incisions, segmental tubular retractors and dilators are inserted to retract muscles away from the operative area and provide access to the affected area of the spine. This minimizes the damage to the muscles and soft tissues and lessens blood loss during the surgery. An endoscope, a thin telescope-like instrumentwith a video camera on the end is inserted through one of the tiny incisions to provide images of the operation field on the monitor in the operating room. Special tiny surgical instruments are passed through the working channel of the endoscope to perform the surgery. Sometimes surgical microscopes may also be used to magnify the visual field. Once the surgery is complete, the tissues fall back in place, as the various instruments are removed. The incision is then closed and covered with surgical tape.
As with any surgical procedure, there are risks involved with minimally invasive surgery. The risks and complications of MIS may include infection, bleeding, nerve injury as well as complications due to general anesthesia.